Many holes can have hazards. Hazards are unique areas where special rules are applied. There are two main types of hazards, this includes water hazards like lakes, rivers and ponds. The second type of Hazards is bunkers and sand traps. The balls that fall into any of these hazards, players will have to abide by special rules that are not implemented during the normal game play.
For instance, before players can hit the ball with the club, the club cannot touch the water or the ground, not even during the practice swing. The ball in any of the two hazards can be played as it lies without the implementation of any penalties. If the ball is in a location where it can’t be played, the players can hit the ball from a different location, the penalty is generally a 1 stroke penalty. The golf rules specify the specific location from which players can hit the ball outside the hazard location.
The bunker hazard areas are usually small or medium areas that are often lower than the fairway area but they have a different topology, they are usually sand filled and can have a barrier or a raised lip. Of course, playing the ball from a sandy area is very hard when compared to grass, this is because the golf ball might get embed into the ground. Also, the sand makes it hard for the golf player to take a stance because of the sand’s loose nature. This is why it is much harder to hit the ball if it is located in a bunker hazard area.